Belugas are extremely sociable mammals and they live, hunt and migrate together ranging from a few individuals to hundreds of whales.
Their forehead, called a melon, is flexible and capable of changing shape. This allows them to make different facial expressions.
Belugas can produce a series of chirps, clicks, whistles and squeals.
They may sound like music or even nonsense to us, but to fellow belugas they convey important information.
Many populations of belugas migrate as the sea ice changes in the Arctic.
Belugas feed on a variety of fish species, such as salmon and herring, as well as shrimp, crabs and mollusks.
1. OIL AND GAS DEVELOPMENT: Vessels that support oil and gas development mean increased shipping in sensitive areas.
Increased shipping means more noise that can mask communications for many Arctic marine species and it increases the potential for collisions with marine mammals.
It also brings more pollution and a greater possibility of fuel spills.
2. OCEAN NOISE:Shipping, marine construction and military activities cause underwater noise pollution.
Since whales depend on sound to communicate, any interference by noise pollution can negatively affect their ability to find food and mates and many other essential things.
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